Slovak Republic was established 1, January 1993. Despite the relatively young age of the Slovak Republic, it has rich history and geographically good position. Slovakia spreads over 49 035 km2. Its neighbours are Hungary, Austria, the Czech Republic, Poland and Ukraine. Slovakia has a population of 5.5 million, 86% are Slovaks.
The Slovak Republic used to be part of the Czecho-Slovak Federative Republic. It separated on 1 January 1993. As of 1 May 2004, Slovakia is a member of the European Union. The Slovak Republic includes eight higher territorial units: Bratislava, Trnava, Trenčín, Nitra, Žilina, Banská Bystrica, Prešov and Košice. The state is headed by the President Ivan Gašparovič since June 2004. Slovak is the official language.
There are only a few places in the world, where you can find such a varied country within a small territory. However, one day is not enough to see all its beauties.
When speaking about Slovak tourist attractions, we have to start with the most visited and highest mountain range, the Tatras located at the northern border and separating Slovakia and Poland. Tatras record thousands of visitors every year. They come to marvel at the beauty of mountain peaks, forests, waterfalls and lakes. In summer, our mountains offer unforgettable experiences gathered during walks and treks, in winter they offer excellent skiing. Virgin nature and interesting natural formations are also found in other Slovak mountain ranges: Nízke Tatry, Malá Fatra, Slovenský raj, Pieniny, Muránska Planina, Veľká Fatra, etc. In Slovakia, there are over 400 caves with healthy air helping asthma patients and people with various other diseases. It is also possible to catch fresh air in pine forests with some tree species reaching the age of 800 years.
The Slovak natural beauty is also complemented by the human made structures. The most famous castles and palaces are found in Bojnice – Bojnice Palace, Častá – Červený kameň castle, further the Trenčín castle, the Bratislava castle, the Devín castle and many others. Historic towns, which you should not miss are found throughout Slovakia – lets only mention the capital city of Bratislava, Svätý Jur, Trnava, Trenčín, Košice, ... Further, there are traditional Slovak villages like Vlkolinec, Osturňa, Čičmany, and many others. You will find there a number of cultural gems hundreds or thousands years old.
Slovakia also offers culture and sports sites, such as museums, exhibitions, expositions, guided tours, or sports complexes, water parts, hiking…